Montenegro, known as the “Pearl of the Balkans”, is the youngest country in Europe but its history and culture have deep roots. There is such a strong traditional priority on continuing the family line by conceiving a male child that it becomes almost an obligation for a young couple to have a male child, preferably the firstborn. These customs have been handed down from generation to generation and are difficult to eradicate. Selective abortion, choosing to continue a pregnancy only if the unborn child is male, is a relatively recent practice but it has deep roots. It is mainly referred to as “female selective abortion” since the unborn child suffers this discrimination. If the practice continues Montenegro, which has a population of just over 620,000, will have 8,000 to 10,000 more men than women by 2025, even though womens’ longer life expectancies mean there are normally more women than men in a national population.